Future Energy eNews Integrity Research Institute Dec. 23, 2002
1) Water can be used as a fuel, splitting H and O atoms efficiently, claims Genesis World Energy. Lots of patented inventions have claimed the output energy of recombination exceeds the input disassociation energy of electrolysis. APS Bob Park says this cannot work based on the 1st Law (www.aps.org/WN Dec. 13, 2002). However, slightly in the Genesis favor is the "theoretically-attainable energy conversion by electrolysis of about 120% of the electrical energy input" based on a Gibbs free energy calculation in the textbook, Energy Vol. II, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1977, p. 140 (also reprinted in Puharich patent #4,394,230). Even this overunity estimate may not be enough however to support all of their claims with normal energy conversion losses. -TV
2) Keeping Momentum on the Energy Bill. Great idea from an Editorial in the NY Times.
3) Net Metering is an Incentive for Renewables. Thirty seven states already use it. - NY Times
4) Test of the Weak Equivalence Principle for Zero Point Energy. Good test. - New Journal of Physics
5) Zero-Point Energy in an Inductance-Capacitance Circuit. Unusual calculation. - Chinese Journal of Physics
6) Casimir Force and Residual Stress Causes "Wavy" Behavior. Amazing ZPE effect: sinusoidal oscillatory behavior occurs on NEMS deflected film under tensile stress. - Chinese Physics Letters
7) Iraqi War for Oil Fed by US Gov't & Firms. Disturbing energy news about how the US sets up countries to fall: U.S. Departments of Energy, Defense, Commerce, and Agriculture quietly helped arm Iraq. U.S. government nuclear weapons laboratories Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos and Sandia trained traveling Iraqi nuclear scientists and gave non-fissile material for construction of a nuclear bomb. List of US corporate suppliers leaked to press. (See former CIA Director, James Woolsey's Feb, 22, 2002 letter to Congress, "The US is almost out of oil and our dependence...forces us to do things that are not always in America's national interest." - Future Energy eNews, March 22, 2002)
1) Consortium Claims Scientific Breakthrough in Hydrogen Production with Heat and Electricity
PR Newswire [Dec 07, 2002] BOISE, Idaho (BUSINESS WIRE) Dec. 5, 2002
Edison Device utilizes the existing electrical wiring and natural gas plumbing in a home or business to replace the energy provided by utility companies.
Genesis World Energy, a privately funded consortium created by a group of military and space program research and development specialists, today unveiled a scientific breakthrough that allows consumers to easily access the energy contained within the hydrogen and oxygen molecular structure of ordinary water. This scientific breakthrough provides a limitless, low cost and environmentally clean source of energy that can be implemented with minimal cost and effort. The viability of using water as an energy source, previously a theoretical concept, is now a reality. "Water has always been the source of life on this planet, now it will also transform the way we create energy," said Charles Shaw, corporate counsel and spokesperson for Genesis World Energy. "The implications for worldwide energy generation and consumption are nothing less than staggering." The invention utilizes the existing electrical wiring and natural gas plumbing in a home or business to replace the energy provided by utility companies.
The Science Behind Genesis
Hydrogen and oxygen contained in water have always been the most attractive, yet elusive source of energy on the planet. Water molecules consisting of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen are pure energy, yet the process of breaking water down into its molecular state consumed more energy than could be derived as a result. Genesis' breakthrough technology cracked the scientific secret to extracting far more energy from water than the extraction process itself required, making it possible to quickly and easily replace traditional forms of energy.
The gCell Process
In common terms, the essence of the Genesis technology involves a process that excites the hydrogen and oxygen molecules contained in water and detach them with very little electrical energy, much the way magnets with opposing polarities push away from each other. This was accomplished by creating a series of molecular level reactions within a specialized cell (the Genesis gCell), which in appearance looks similar to a fuel cell. Within this cell, three simultaneous processes occur. The first process produces electrical voltage from water passing over special catalytic reactants. This electrical voltage aids in the excitement of the hydrogen and oxygen molecules in the water. The second process involves a thermo, electro-catalytic reaction that results in the complete separation of the hydrogen molecules from the oxygen molecules. This yields maximum efficiency in the extraction of ultra pure hydrogen and oxygen gas. During the third process, small amounts of the hydrogen and oxygen gas molecules created in the second process reattach, providing additional electrical current to subsidize the overall gas generation process.
The result of this landmark technological breakthrough allows hydrogen and oxygen gas to be created from ordinary water, using only a fraction of the total resulting energy. The amount of water used to generate hydrogen and oxygen gases from this process are negligible, usually only a few ounces of water a day, much of which is ultimately recovered within the process and reused.
A single gCell stack, which is no bigger than a car battery, is capable of producing hundreds of cubic feet of customer usable gas per day. By comparison, the average American home in cold climate areas consumes approximately five cubic feet of gas per day.
The eCell Process
The eCell generates electricity and is one tool used in the conversion of hydrogen and oxygen contained in water into a consumer usable form of energy. The hydrogen and oxygen gases created in the gCells are used by eCells in a reverse reactant process that attracts the molecules much like magnets pulling themselves together. The resultant remarrying of the hydrogen and oxygen molecules produces, in a single eCell stack, more than 1,000 amps of electrical current. The electricity extracted from the eCells then replaces the electricity provided by utility companies. Water generated from the eCells is recovered and reintroduced into the gas generation system, while heat generated during the process is converted to usable energy.
The Genesis gas and electrical generation processes are so compact and efficient that devices based on the technology are easily capable of replacing traditional forms of energy using very little space.
View the process here. (http://www.genesisworldenergy.org/process_grfx.htm -- The Bitmap image in reduced size and inverted for better printing is also attached. -TV)
Bringing It All Together: The Edison Device
While the gCell and eCell technology is breathtaking in its simplicity, it needed to be incorporated into a mechanism that could viably meet residential and commercial energy requirements. This has been accomplished through the Edison Device: a self-contained energy generation system consisting of stacks of gCells and eCells. The Edison Device is roughly the size of a typical residential outdoor air conditioning unit.
Installing the electrical generation feature of the Edison Device to any home or business simply requires attaching three wires to existing electrical service connections, typically located in the electrical box that contains the utility company's power meter. Installing the gas generation feature of the Edison Device simply requires connecting the device's gas feed line directly into the existing natural gas line on the customer's side of the utility company's gas meter. At that point, customers are fully independent from energy provided by utility companies. Appliances that use natural gas or propane are easily converted to use hydrogen gas by installing gas line flow restrictors that can be accomplished simply and easily by any average do-it-yourselfer.
As a safety precaution, if a gas leak develops in a customer's appliance, the Edison Device has the ability to detect the leak and immediately shut the gas supply off until repairs can be performed. As a result, gas supplied by the Edison Device will be safer than using natural gas or propane.
The Genesis Project has developed two market ready models of the Edison Device: a residential version and a commercial version. The residential model is capable of producing up to 30 total kilowatts of combined gas and electrical power per day (a typical home uses between five to six kilowatts), and the commercial model can generate up to 100 total kilowatts of energy. For heavier commercial requirements, multiple Edison Devices can be linked together.
The design of the Edison Device has proven that less is more. The energy-generating portion of the device has no moving parts - in fact, the only "mechanical" aspects of the Edison Device are the small circulation pumps and micro-valves that control the flow of water and gases. As a result, maintenance is limited to the occasional replacement of inexpensive water filters that can easily be accomplished by consumers themselves, while water usage is minimal over the device's projected 20+ years of service life!
According to Nejhla Shaw, World Energy Management President, "We will make Edison Devices rapidly available to governments and industries on a worldwide basis, with special licensing opportunities for those industries that will be most affected by the technology. For the first time in the history of the world, a clean and abundant source of renewable energy is as simple as the attachment of three wires, a gas line and a water hose."
The Ultimate Green Machine
Using only small amounts of water to meet residential and commercial energy requirements, producing no noise or emissions beyond the creation of ultra pure water, and utilizing an energy generation technology that is self-sustaining, the Edison Device is truly a "green machine."
By BOB KERREY
New York Times, Editorial Section, December 3, 2002
Following nearly a year of heated debate over polar bears, caribou and S.U.V.'s, a divided Congress decided to put its energy bill on hold late last month. It did so even after such politically charged issues as oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and increases in automobile mileage standards were taken off the table. Now that Republicans will control the new Congress, what will they do about energy, and how will the Democrats respond?
If Senator Pete V. Domenici, the Republican from New Mexico who will take over as Energy Committee chairman, decides to load up a new energy bill with these same contentious issues, the Democrats will resist, as they did this year. But if he has the foresight to reintroduce the compromise bill reached by the last Congress, Democrats should put their objections aside and support it.
Why? Because this bill will help the economy and boost solid, environmentally sound energy policies.
The most important issue in America today is jobs, and this bill will help the private sector create lots of them. In fact, it represents one of the best economic stimulus packages the new Congress is likely to pass.
By clarifying arcane rules concerning the electricity industry and repealing outdated Depression-era laws, the bill will encourage more investment in energy. Indeed, our tentative economic recovery depends on secure, sustainable and affordable energy. The bill would advance all those goals.
Second, the bill can bring Americans important benefits in the form of safer, more reliable energy. It would encourage the development of "green" or renewable resources — wind, solar, geothermal, biomass and small-scale hydroelectric, for example — which today generate less than 2 percent of our nation's electricity. The other 98 percent comes from traditional sources like fossil fuels, nuclear energy and large-scale hydro projects, which carry far heavier environmental burdens.
We all know that renewable energy resources are mostly pollution-free. But this isn't their only virtue. They are by definition domestically based, and for this reason contribute to our energy security. They provide fuel diversity and price stability. After all, the fuel — the wind, the sun, heat from the core of the earth — costs nothing. And they provide jobs. In fact, according to a study released last summer by the California Public Interest Research Group, renewable energy plants create four times the number of jobs — in construction, operation and maintenance — as traditional plants.
While renewables have made impressive progress in closing the price gap with fossil fuels, they remain more expensive because they have greater up-front construction costs or are necessarily located in remote areas. The pricing of renewables, however, includes no adjustment for the social benefits of these emissions-free energy sources.
The energy bill as currently written would change all that. It would also spur investment by providing a production tax credit for renewable electricity sources. It would also direct the federal government, the largest single purchaser of electricity in the world, to buy 10 percent of its power from renewable resources. ("10% RPS" - TV)
These measures would provide a huge boost for technology development, reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollution and help diversify our energy supply. With the bill, wind energy alone could provide thousands of new jobs by 2020, many of them here in New York State and the Northeast.
A report issued by the government's Energy Information Agency showed that by helping to reduce our growing dependence on natural gas, the bill's provisions would pay for themselves by holding down consumer gas prices. In addition, renewables would reduce our need to import more oil from the Middle East.
Is the bill a perfect piece of legislation? No, but it is the best opportunity we've ever had to jump-start production of renewable energy — and it's a sound way to help our economy. An energy bill will remain a top priority for the administration and Congress next year. Rather than starting over from square one, Congress should resurrect the good work it's already done. Fights over polar bears, caribou, and the Arctic can all be voted on separately.
Bob Kerrey, a former United States senator, is president of New School University
By DAVID KIRBY New York Times, Dec. 15, 2002
Solar energy is a great, environmentally friendly way for homeowners to cut their electric bills. But solar panels work only during the daytime, when most consumers aren't home to consume the power they generate. It is possible to store the excess electricity in batteries, but those are inefficient and expensive. A simpler alternative, called net metering, allows consumers to transfer surplus energy onto the public-utility grid using a specially made inverter, ''banking'' it for later use. When a house produces more power than it consumes, the electric meter literally spins backward, allowing consumers to rack up kilowatt credits, to be drawn upon later. As of this year, net metering is used in 37 states. In California, the number of people applying for net-metering rebates more than doubled this year, and in 2003, sales of inverters are projected to rise nationwide by nearly 30 percent.
New J. Phys. 4 (November 2002) 92 J W Moffat1,2 and G T Gillies3
1 Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A7, Canada
2 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario N2J 2W9, Canada
3 School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4746, USA
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com
Received 13 August 2002
Published 14 November 2002
Abstract. An Eötvös experiment to test the weak equivalence principle (WEP) for zero-point vacuum energy is proposed using a satellite. Following the suggestion of Ross for a terrestrial experiment of this type, the acceleration of a spherical test mass of aluminium would be compared with that of a similar test mass made from another material. The estimated ratio of the zero-point vacuum energy density inside the aluminium sphere to the rest mass energy density is ~1.6×10-14, which would allow a 1% resolution of a potential WEP violation observed in a satellite mission test that had a baseline sensitivity to WEP violations of ~10-16. An observed violation of the WEP for vacuum energy density would constitute a significant clue as to the origin of the cosmological constant and the source of dark energy, and test a recently proposed resolution of the cosmological constant problem, based on a model of nonlocal quantum gravity and quantum field theory.
Chinese Phys. Lett. 19 (July 2002) 985-987 Zhang Shou1, Um Chung-In2 and Yeon Kyu-Hwang3
1 Department of Physics, College of Science and Engineering, Yanbian University, Yanji 133002
2 Department of Physics, College of Science, Korea University, Seoul, 136-701, South Korea
3 Department of Physics, College of Natural Sciences, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, 361-763, South Korea
Received 16 December 2002
Abstract. The zero-point energy of a mesoscopic nonlinear inductance-capacitance (L-C) circuit is obtained by making use of the variation method. This is somewhat less than that of simple harmonic oscillator.
PACS number: 73.23.-b
Chinese Phys. Lett. 19 (June 2002) 832-834 Zheng Mao-Sheng, Zhou Gen-Shu, Zhao Wen-Zhen and Gu Hai-Cheng
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049
Received 14 January 2002
Abstract. Casimir force and residual stresses actually appear in over-layers or films simultaneously. The study of the behaviour of micro- and nano-electromechanical systems in the presence of Casimir force and residual stress is of significance to the design of the relevant devices. We derive analytical expressions of the deflection of a bridge-shaped device under the mutual actions of Casimir force and residual stress in films. It is shown that the tensile residual stress enhances wavy behaviour of the deflection, while the compressive residual stress increases the deflection value and reduces the wavy behaviour.
PACS numbers: 62.20.-x, 62.20.Dc, 62.20.Fe, 62.20.Mk, 83.50.-v
7) U..S. Corporations, Gov't Agencies and Nuclear Labs Helped Illegally Arm Iraq
by Mohamad Bazzi
United Nations Correspondent
Long Island, NY Newsday <http://www.newsday.com/> Friday, December 13, 2002 http://www.commondreams.org/headlines02/1213-02.htm
UNITED NATIONS -- Iraq's 12,000-page declaration of its weapons programs lists American companies that provided materials used by Baghdad to develop chemical and biological weapons in the 1980s, according to a senior Iraqi official.
"It would bring people's attention to something that the Bush administration would rather forget about: that the United States was a supplier state to Saddam Hussein, even after it became clear that he was producing and using chemical weapons." said Susan Wright who is a research scientist at the University of Michigan and author of a book on Iraq. U.S. military and financial assistance to Iraq continued until Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in August 1990.
A 1994 Senate report found that the United States had licensed dozens of companies to export various materials that helped Iraq make mustard gas, VX nerve agent, anthrax and other biological and chemical weapons. The report also said "the same micro-organisms exported by the United States were identical to those the United Nations inspectors found and recovered from the Iraqi biological warfare program."
Shipments to Iraq continued even after the United States learned Hussein had used chemical weapons against Iranian troops and Kurdish villagers in northern Iraq in 1988, according to Senate investigators.
The U.S.-Iraqi relationship flourished from February 1986, when then-Vice President George Bush met with Iraq's ambassador to Washington, Nizar Hamdoon, and assured him that Baghdad would be permitted to receive more sophisticated U.S. technology, until the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990. Over that four-year period, the Reagan and Bush administrations approved licenses for the export of more than $600 million worth of advanced American technology to Iraq, according to congressional reports.
"The United States had a very different posture toward Iraq in the 1980s, when it was politically and militarily advantageous to use Iraq as an ally against Iran," Wright said. "Our attitude toward Iraq has been opportunist, rather than principled."
List Of US Firms That Armed Iraq
Democracy Now! Wednesday, 18 December, 2002 http://www.truthout.org/docs_02/12.21A.us.firms.iraq.htm
Top-secret Iraq Report Reveals U.S. Corporations, Gov't Agencies and Nuclear Labs Helped Illegally Arm Iraq.
Hewlett Packard, Dupont, Honeywell and other major U.S. corporations, as well as governmental agencies including the Department of Defense and the nation s nuclear labs, all illegally helped Iraq to build its biological, chemical and nuclear weapons programs.
On Wednesday, December 18, Geneva-based reporter Andreas Zumach broke the story on the US national listener-sponsored radio and television show, Democracy Now! Zumach's Berlin-based paper Die Tageszeitung plans to soon publish a full list of companies and nations who have aided Iraq. The paper first reported on Tuesday that German and U.S. companies had extensive ties to Iraq but didn't list names.
Zumach obtained top-secret portions of Iraq's 12,000-page weapons declaration that the US had redacted from the version made available to the non-permanent members of the UN Security Council.
We have 24 major U.S. companies listed in the report who gave very substantial support especially to the biological weapons program but also to the missile and nuclear weapons program, Zumach said. Pretty much everything was illegal in the case of nuclear and biological weapons. Every form of cooperation and supplies was outlawed in the 1970s.
The list of U.S. corporations listed in Iraq's report include Hewlett Packard, DuPont, Honeywell, Rockwell, Tectronics, Bechtel, International Computer Systems, Unisys, Sperry and TI Coating.
Zumach also said the U.S. Departments of Energy, Defense, Commerce, and Agriculture quietly helped arm Iraq. U.S. government nuclear weapons laboratories Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos and Sandia trained traveling Iraqi nuclear scientists and gave non-fissile material for construction of a nuclear bomb.
There has never been this kind of comprehensive layout and listing like we have now in the Iraqi report to the Security Council so this is quite new and this is especially new for the U.S. involvement, which has been even more suppressed in the public domain and the U.S. population, Zumach said.
The names of companies were supposed to be top secret. Two weeks ago Iraq provided two copies of its full 12,000-page report, one to the International Atomic Energy Agency in Geneva, and one to the United Nations in New York. Zumach said the U.S. broke an agreement of the Security Council and blackmailed Colombia, which at the time was presiding over the Council, to take possession of the UN's only copy. The U.S. then proceeded to make copies of the report for the other four permanent Security Council nations, Britain, France, Russia and China. Only yesterday did the remaining members of the Security Council receive their copies. By then, all references to foreign companies had been removed.
According to Zumach, only Germany had more business ties to Iraq than the U.S. As many as 80 German companies are also listed in Iraq's report. The paper reported that some German companies continued to do business with Iraq until last year.
US Corporations named in Iraqi Report:
2 Spectra Physics
4 TI Coating
6 Sperry Corp.
9 Leybold Vacuum Systems
13 Eastman Kodak
14 American Type Culture Collection
15 Alcolac International
17 Carl Zeiss
19 Electronic Associates
20 International Computer Systems
22 EZ Logic Data Systems, Inc.
23 Canberra Industries Inc.
24 Axel Electronics Inc.
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