Subject: Future Energy eNews
Having trouble viewing this email? Click here
Integrity Research Institute 


Integrity Research Institute                                               March 2009 toc
In This Issue
1. DOE Secretary Chu's Energy Plan & Experiment - Earthquake and Gravity wave detector
2. Tesla Roadster - Electric Car Jaw-Dropping Ride
3. Ion Teleportation Scheme - Star Trek a meter away
4. Spinning Black Holes - More energy out than in
5. US Patent on Extracting Zero Point Energy - Jovian Corporation
Dear Subscriber,
Besides the intriguing innovative inventions by our notable physicist Secretary of Energy, Dr. Chu, this Future Energy eNews also contains the first announcement of Dr. Bernard Haisch's zero point energy (ZPE) extraction invention for Jovian Corporation. With DARPA funding this theoretical investigation as well, it gains respectability and should cause all of our subscribers to take zero point energy more seriously. Basically, the process involves sending a gas through a Casimir cavity which is predicted reduce the ground state of the hydrogen atom and release heat. Interestingly, my published paper estimates a similarly sized 10 cc box for extracting a similar wattage from ZPE but with a solid state approach, simply using zero bias diodes that directly produce electricity.

Also worth noting is the surge of FUTURE ENERGY conferences in 2009! IRI can probably take credit for introducing the phrase in 1999 with the first
COFE, which was covered in Nature, Science, and other fine publications. IRI still offers the only conference where true futuristic energy concepts are presented. Come to COFE3 in October and find out. Click on the coupon at the end of this newsletter for a discount on the  registration fee.  We also have special prices  for students.                              

Thomas Valone, PhD
Quick Links
1) Steven Chu's  Energy Plan

Kevin Bullis, Technology Review, January 14, 2009
At yesterday's hearing, Obama's selection for secretary of energy outlined his priorities.

Steven Chu, president-elect Obama's pick for secretary of energy, emphasized the need to address climate change and decrease reliance on foreign oil during his confirmation hearing on Tuesday, January 13, and he backed off of some of his earlier rhetoric against coal (which he'd previously called his "worst nightmare"). Here's a sampling of his take on key issues.
Oil and gas, and efficiency:
He tiptoed around the issue of increasing oil and gas production on the outer continental shelf and elsewhere, saying that he supported it, but immediately qualifying his statement. He said that only 5 percent of the world production of oil comes from the United States, implying that increased production won't make much difference. Then he said, "The more efficient use of energy in the United States is the one big factor that can help us reduce our dependency on foreign oil."
It has to be part of the energy mix, so we need to figure out how to dispose of it. That means, in part, some more research on recycling waste.
Electric grid:
A "very crucial" part of the development of natural resources. Steady winds and clear skies for solar power are often far from big cities where power is needed, so we'll need better electrical transmission. Challenges: cost, state boundary issues, siting the power lines.
Renewable energy:
"Renewable energy is something we really have to work on as quickly as possible . . . It will be my primary goal as secretary to make the Department of Energy a leader in these critical efforts." (Quote from CQ Politics.) Chu's work as the director of the Lawrence Berkeley Lab focused on advanced biofuels, artificial photosynthesis, and solar technologies.
Hybrids, electric vehicles:
"These first electric hybrid cars don't have the energy capacity and the battery lifetime we need," he said today. "Let's push hard towards more fuel-efficient personal vehicles." (Quote from Earth2Tech.)
Coal, carbon sequestration:
Coal is the most abundant fuel source in the U.S., and the dirtiest. But capturing the carbon dioxide that it produces and burying it could make it cleaner. Chu supports developing technology to do this.
"If the world continues to use coal the way it is now, that is a pretty bad dream," he said at the hearing, pointing out that carbon dioxide isn't the only problem. In many places, pollutants like sulfur dioxide and mercury aren't captured, he said. "It is imperative that we figure out a way to use coal as cleanly as possible. My optimism as a scientist is that we will develop those technologies to capture a large fraction of the carbon dioxide that is emitted from power plants and to safely sequester it." 
Related Article
U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu's Latest Experiment
Mark Anderson

First Published January 2009

 Chu's atom interferometer could lead to GPS without the satellites
22 January 2009-The newly confirmed U.S. Secretary of Energy, Steven Chu, is settling into his new job in Washington, D.C., but he's still making waves in his old job as a physicist. The former director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Chu presents in his latest paper one of the most promising developments yet in a fledgling quantum technology that may within a decade power satellite-free GPS, monitor earthquake zones, map out undiscovered mineral resources, and search for elusive gravitational waves.
The technology is based on the 85-year-old principle that particles of matter act like waves. Chu's team, directed by physics assistant professor Holger Müller, of the University of California, Berkeley, nudged individual cesium atoms up a spout and watched the resulting patterns as the atoms fell onto a detector below.
Like a water fountain, the atoms' rippling patterns tell us something about their paths. Choppy waves at the detector indicate sputtering spouts of cesium, whereas smooth sine-wave patterns reveal a steadier fountain. However, unlike a water fountain, the waves in the Chu group's atom interferometers originate in each individual cesium atom. Each atom interferes with itself to form the pattern on the detector.
"Somehow you need to split the matter wave and [then] recombine it," says Müller. "The waves may be in phase [at the detector], and that means you count lots of atoms. Or the waves will cancel, in which case you find no atoms at all."
The cesium atoms in Chu and Müller's device start off trapped at the intersection of criss-crossed laser beams, confined by a magnetic field and at a temperature near absolute zero. (Chu shared the physics Nobel Prize in 1997 for developing such laser atom traps.) The magnetic field is then turned off, and the atoms slowly drift upward.
As the atoms drift, they are also tweaked by infrared laser pulses from below. The intensity of the pulses is just shy of being enough to provide extra upward kicks. At such delicate laser intensities, the laws of quantum mechanics step in, essentially splitting each cesium atom into two alternate realities. In one, the laser can push the atom up. In the other, the atom simply floats, unmoved by the light from below.
Each cesium atom travels both paths simultaneously, rising as high as a meter above the atom trap, Müller says. But whether boosted by laser pulses or floating up from the release of the trap, the atoms are ultimately pulled back to Earth by gravity. As the atoms strike the detector, each atom's two alternate paths are forced to recombine, providing the same kinds of rich interference patterns that converging beams of light trace in the making of holograms.
The difference, Müller says, is that atoms feel the pull of gravity, while light feels almost none. "That makes an atom interferometer much more sensitive to gravitational effects than a [laser] interferometer," he says.
Mark Kasevich, professor of physics at Stanford University, is one of the world's leading experts in developing applications for atom interferometers. Kasevich, a former graduate student of Chu's, says that Chu and Müller have created a system that has given the "best ever result" for the next-generation of atom interferometers. "This is clearly the future," Kasevich says of the new research.
Kasevich says his lab is developing geological applications for atom interferometers that he expects to see in five years or less. Such applications include using differences in the strength of gravity to detect underground water tables, diamond deposits, or slight motions of tectonic plates that could presage an earthquake.
Perhaps in 10 years, Kasevich adds, these atom interferometers could lead to breakthroughs in navigation technologies that don't need satellites. Instead, a series of microscopic interferometers would infer the position from precision measurements of accelerations and decelerations. Kasevich is also researching atom interferometers as the basis for "telescopes" that could detect gravitational waves from orbiting pairs of black holes in nearby galaxies or see the restless, rumbling dawn of the early universe.
Müller says he's now finishing a few other papers with Chu from research done before the Energy Secretary's appointment to President Obama's cabinet. Beyond that, though, Müller says he expects Chu to set aside the atom interferometer research for now and concentrate on his primary passion: powering a productive planet with as little fossil fuel as possible.
"[Chu] is very ambitious and always very energetic," Müller says.
"Anytime Steve takes a step in a new direction, he succeeds," Kasevich adds, "in remarkable ways."

About the Author
MARK ANDERSON is a freelance science and technology writer based in Northampton, Mass. In October 2008, he wrote about the technological rescue and financial bailout of the Gravity Probe B experiment

To Probe Further
Chu's paper, which has been submitted to the journal Physical Review Letters, can be found at the physics abstract repository
2) A Jaw-Dropping Ride, Batteries Included
Warren Brown
Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, January 25, 2009.

Let us begin with definitions.
First, there is the circle. It is round. It has circumference, the edge or outer limits of its roundness. It has a center and a radius, the latter being the straight-line distance from the circle's center to its circumference.
Next, there is the tangent. It is a line that touches exactly one point of a circle's circumference. That line can be an actual line; or, for purposes of this discussion, it can be the force exerted at any one point on the edge of a circle in the exact direction of the circle's rotation multiplied by the circle's radius. Physicists and engineers call that force torque, which is best understood in automotive terms as engine twisting power and efficiency.
Torque well-delivered makes things go. You can have all the horsepower in the world. But if the energy from all of that muscle gets gobbled up and lost in the generation and transmission of twisting power, you'll have a car that goes much slower and consumes more fuel than it should.
Thus, we come to the genius and excitement of this week's test car, the Tesla Roadster. Tesla's marketers say the car delivers 100 percent torque 100 percent of the time. That's a bit of a stretch. Something always gets lost in the transmission and use of power.
But it is reasonable to agree that the Tesla Roadster delivers at least 90 percent of its torque at least 90 percent of the time, which is far better than the torque delivery of cars and trucks powered by internal combustion engines.
The Tesla Roadster is powered by batteries -- a dense pack of lithium-ion cells that feed juice to a 375-volt AC (alternating current) induction, air-cooled electric motor with variable frequency drive.
That motor, which provides the gasoline-engine equivalent of 248 horsepower and 276 foot-pounds of torque, powers the Tesla's rear wheels via a single-speed, direct-drive transmission. Judging from a day behind the wheel of the car, that speed is fast!
There are people who praise the Tesla Roadster for its environmental attributes. It consumes no fossil fuels, spews no tailpipe emissions and leaves a relatively minor carbon footprint. But all of that is missing the point, because those are also attributes of the decidedly non-sexy, campus utilitarian, golf-cart-like cars assembled by Global Electric Motorcars, a Chrysler company.
Tesla, by comparison, is a roadster's roadster. It's a head-turner, jaw-dropper. It is sexy as all get-out. And, at $109,000 a copy, it's pricey.
The Tesla Roadster deliberately eschews utility and what many motorists deem creature comforts -- such as power steering and a power-operated convertible roof. Turning the Tesla's steering wheel at low speeds requires good arm strength. The car has seats for two people. But whoever is sitting in the passenger's seat had better buckle up and be prepared to hang on to his or her gut.
The Tesla is built for one purpose and one purpose only, which is to go as fast and as far as possible on battery power, which it does. It can run heartily for 200 miles on a single charge, after which a 3.5-hour plug-in in a washer-dryer-like 220-to-240-volt household outlet is required to restore full battery power. Slower speeds can yield a single-charge driving range of up to 240 miles.
But here's betting that no one slipping behind the steering wheel of the Tesla Roadster will be inclined to nurse it along the highway in pursuit of hyper-mileage. That is not at all what the car is about.
Would you like to know what smooth, nearly instant torque feels like? Wheeeeeee! Drive a Tesla, even if you have to fly to Tesla's Menlo Park, Calif., headquarters, to get your hands on one for a day. You will never again think horsepower is more important than torque.
Nor will you have the same tactile, emotional appreciation of automotive acceleration that marked your enjoyment of high-powered, internal combustion engines.
Wheeeeeee! If this is the future of the automobile, I want it. Let's do whatever we can to get the price down.
3) Ion Teleportation Scheme Could Scale Up Quantum Computers

Saswato Das
First Published January 2009, IEEE Spectrum,

Scientists have teleported the quantum state of one trapped ion onto another a meter away 
A team of scientists is announcing today in the journal Science that in one of those bizarre demonstrations of quantum mechanics it has managed to teleport the quantum state of one ion onto another across a distance of a meter. Though we're accustomed to thinking of the Star Trek version of teleportation, what physicists call teleportation is the exact mapping of one particle's quantum characteristics to another distant particle. That matters because future quantum computers and quantum cryptography networks need some way of storing data and moving it around.

In the past decade, physicists have shown that teleportation is possible with magnetic fields, photons, and even atoms. What makes the new results-by Christopher Monroe of the University of Maryland and his colleagues-interesting is that the team uses a hybrid approach involving both atoms and photons that fits well with quantum information networks and quantum computers. Theoretically, Monroe says, the technique they have invented can be extended to distances as great as thousands of kilometers, although all they have demonstrated so far is one meter.

Raymond Laflamme, director of the Institute for Quantum Computing, at the University of Waterloo, in Canada, called it "a very neat experiment and important milestone, demonstrating very good quantum control and bringing quantum teleportation one step nearer to practical applications."

At the heart of teleportation lies a quantum mechanics effect known as entanglement. That phenomenon allows two particles-such as photons, atoms, or ions-to be linked in such a way that if someone measures the quantum state of one object, the state of the other becomes known as well. Entangled photons are often used in experimental quantum information networks. But while photons are easy to transmit (after all, they move with the highest speed in the universe), they are very difficult to store. On the other hand, atoms and ions preserve entanglement for a long time, but being massive, they are much harder to move from place to place.

The beauty of Monroe's approach to teleportation is that it is an intelligent combination of the strengths of photons and ions. His team used two ytterbium ions confined in electromagnetic ion traps and cooled by lasers. The goal is to teleport the quantum state of one ytterbium ion to the other. Both ions are prepared for entanglement by microwave pulses and then zapped by ultrafast laser pulses. Each ion subsequently gives off a photon, which is entangled with the ion's state. Through a complex series of steps, the system transfers the quantum state of one ytterbium ion to the other.
Norbert Lütkenhaus, of the Institute for Quantum Computing, says Monroe's approach "make sense." He says that "this technique allows them to couple ion traps in this optical way."

Monroe says the hybrid approach will enable the creation of quantum repeaters-still-theoretical devices needed to make large-scale quantum cryptography networks-and will also be useful for making quantum computers. His group's design for scalable quantum computers is to build multiple ion traps on a chip. The ions act as quantum bits and can perform computations when placed close together in a trap. However, to get the result of one trap to a computation in another trap without some sort of teleportation would require the difficult task of moving ions around on the chip. He says teleportation "may well be the most scalable approach" to building ion-chip computers.

Dick Slusher of the Georgia Tech Research Institute, isn't so sure. "I think that in principle it is true that this teleportation process will facilitate scaling of quantum computation," he says. "However, there are many ways to accomplish this scaling, including ion transport and error-correcting pulse sequences. Teleportation may well turn out to be the key process for scaling, but I think it is far too early to be sure of this."
About the Author
Saswato R. Das is a science writer based in New York City. In October 2008 he reported on the launch of the world's largest quantum cryptography network.

To Probe Further
The paper in Science describing the teleportation breakthrough can be found here.
Monroe wrote a feature article for the August 2007 issue of IEEE Spectrum about ion-trap chip-scale quantum computers. 
4) Spinning Black Holes Are Ultimate Cosmic Batteries
New Scientist, 26 January 2009 by David Shiga, issue 2692.
The MS0735.6+7421 galaxy has given up some of the strongest evidence for jets powered by spinning black holes (Image: NASA / ESA / CXC / STSCI / NRAO)
YOU wouldn't want to be nearby when a spinning black hole lets rip. It now seems they can store and unleash the energy of billions of supernovae, with potentially devastating consequences for their host galaxies.
Many of the supermassive black holes that lurk at the centre of galaxies fire out powerful plasma jets that extend for millions of light years. Though the details of how these jets are produced remain murky, there seems to be only two plausible power sources: one is matter falling onto the black hole, which can't explain all the cases. The other source is the black hole's stored rotational energy. Calculations suggest it should be possible for jets to siphon off energy at the expense of the black hole's rotation as long as magnetic fields are present to connect the black hole to any matter nearby. Persuasive evidence for this has been lacking.
Now a team led by Brian McNamara of the University of Waterloo, Canada, has found what may be the strongest evidence yet for jets powered by black hole rotation. It comes from a galaxy called MS0735.6+7421 (pictured), about 2.6 billion light years from Earth. In 2005 data on this galaxy from the Chandra X-ray Observatory revealed the biggest outpouring of energy ever identified from black hole jets.
Based on cavities the jets have apparently punched through the surrounding gas, the team calculates that in the past 100 million years or so jets have put out 1055 joules, billions of times the energy of a supernova. It would have been next to impossible for matter falling into the black hole to power these jets. Supermassive black holes are messy eaters, leaving behind many times more matter than they actually consume but there is little sign that this happened.
"It would have had to essentially vacuum all of the matter that was in that galaxy down into the black hole in a period of 100 million years, and we know nature doesn't work that way," McNamara says. "Accretion of matter onto a black hole is very inefficient" (
That leaves black hole spin as the only other energy source. The black hole could have been set spinning in the first place by matter falling onto it much earlier in its lifetime or in the course of a merger with another black hole.

A huge amount of energy can be stored in black hole spin, and if it gets released again in the form of jets, it could have profound effects. Black hole jets are increasingly suspected of sterilising their host galaxies, heating and blowing away gas before it can condense to form new stars, for example.
Chris Reynolds of the University of Maryland in College Park says this strengthens the case that some jets are powered by spinning black holes. But he says he is still waiting for "definitive proof".
5) US Patent Issued For Extraction Of Zero Point Energy
DARPA Funds Zero Point Energy

As of Feb. 4, 2009, the company has gone through $200,000 in funding, partially from POCi, as well as from DARPA and some private investors.

The POCi funding covers the design, construction and testing of a practical and scalable energy harvesting system. The funding is contingent on the satisfactory achievement of certain scientific proof of principle milestones relating to a prototype Casimir cavity device as described in a current research grant to Dr. Garret Moddel, Professor in CU-Boulder's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and an inventor of the technology.

The patent is based primarily on papers published in the journal Physical Review by Hal Puthoff in 1987 and Timothy Boyer in 1975.

Bernard Haisch, who is a co-inventor, is quick to point out that this is all purely speculative at this point and that they have not yet been able to prove anything in the laboratory. The sporadic signals they have seen can't be ruled out as experimental error. That said, the model is still "well worth pursuing".

It is a "high risk / high gain" venture, he said, wanting to avoid the common mistake of overselling and under-delivering.

They are presently (as of Feb. 4, 2009) looking for major funding of around $10 million to carry out more sophisticated testing.
Patent Description

A system is disclosed for converting energy from the electromagnetic
quantum vacuum available at any point in the universe to usable energy
in the form of heat, electricity, mechanical energy or other forms of
power. By suppressing electromagnetic quantum vacuum energy at
appropriate frequencies a change may be effected in the electron
energy levels which will result in the emission or release of energy.
Mode suppression of electromagnetic quantum vacuum radiation is known
to take place in Casimir cavities. A Casimir cavity refers to any
region in which electromagnetic modes are suppressed or restricted.
When atoms enter into suitable micro Casimir cavities a decrease in
the orbital energies of electrons in atoms will thus occur. Such
energy will be captured in the claimed devices. Upon emergence form
such micro Casimir cavities the atoms will be re-energized by the
ambient electromagnetic quantum vacuum. In this way energy is
extracted locally and replenished globally from and by the
electromagnetic quantum vacuum. This process may be repeated an
unlimited number of times. This process is also consistent with the
conservation of energy in that all usable energy does come at the
expense of the energy content of the electromagnetic quantum vacuum.
Similar effects may be produced by acting upon molecular bonds.
Devices are described in which gas is recycled through a multiplicity
of Casimir cavities. The disclosed devices are scalable in size and
energy output for applications ranging from replacements for small
batteries to power plant sized generators of electricity.

A 10cm X 10 cm parallel plates separated by 10 micron non-conducting strips aligned to form 5000 Casimir strips. Gas flow rate of 10 cm/second would generate 21-210 watts. A stacked set of 10 or more layers could yield 210 to 2100 watts (thermal) for a 10X10X10 cm block.

A one cubic centimeter "sugar cube" size block with 1.3 billion tunnels would generate 2150 to 21500 watts (thermal). The 0.1 micron tunnels could be assembled a layer at a time using microchip lithography and then assembled into stacks. Other means of manufacturing the channels could be possible.

United States Patent 7,379,286 Haisch and Moddel
Quantum vacuum energy extraction Patent
The 21 page patent is here
Jovion plans to use MEMS devices or polymer sheets to form the small Casimir cavities.

Francis Roarty [Unknown Qualifications/Background] Interpretation
Francis Roarty believes and writes that the Jovion work is closely related to Blacklight Powers Hydrinos. Francis also wrote up his description at the science blog.

Francis seems to at least have read the work of Blacklight Power and the University of Colorado researcher at Jovion closely. They are both talking about reducing electron orbits using previously unknown means. The reasons being given about how these changes are occurring are very different. The University of Colorado reasoning is based on quantum mechanics while Blacklight Power applies a variation on classical mechanics.

The physical result of energy production can end up being the same even if only one of the explanations is right. The experiments could work even if both explanations are substantially wrong or incomplete.
For Further Information:
Valone, Thomas, Zero Point Energy: The Fuel of the Future  on Amazon or any fine bookstore
View US patents at

Future Energy eNews is provided as a public service from Integrity Research Institute, a Non-Profit dedicated to educating the public on eco-friendly emerging energy technologies.
FREE copy of the 30 minute DVD "Progress in Future Energy" is available by sending an email with "Free DVD" in subject and mailing address in body.

Save $45

When you register
online for our  COFE 3,
Conference on Future Energy, October 9-10, 2009
at the Washington Hilton Dupont Circle
Washington, DC .
 Offer expires August 31, 2009
Safe Unsubscribe
This email was sent to by
Integrity Research Institute | 5020 Sunnyside Ave | Suite 209 | Beltsville | MD | 20705

Jacqueline Valone